- 5-HT regulates HSPC development
Lv et al. show that in mice, 5-HT can be synthesized in the aorta-gonad-mesonephros and acts as a novel endogenous regulator of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell (HSPC) development. The promoting effect of 5-HT on the survival of HSPCs in the intraaortic hematopoietic cluster is mediated through Htr5a-AKT-Foxo1 signaling.
- Lipin-2 regulates NLRP3 inflammasome
Lordén et al. show that the phosphatidic acid phosphatase lipin-2 is a key regulator of the cellular machinery that generates IL-1β in macrophages. This work provides a molecular explanation for the development of the autoinflammatory disease known as Majeed syndrome.
- TRIM65 is required for MDA5 activation
Lang et al. identify E3 ligase TRIM65 as an essential component for the MDA-5 signaling pathway and provide solid evidence showing the importance of ubiquitination in MDA5 oligomerization and activation.
- NK cell survival during cell cycle
Natural killer (NK) cells eradicate virus-infected and transformed cells. Viant and colleagues describe the hierarchy of survival proteins and their apoptotic partners that govern NK cell survival. These data will inform approaches to harness NK cell activities in immunotherapies.
- Hypomorphic ATG16L1 triggers IRE1α-mediated ileitis
Tschurtschenthaler et al. report a Crohn’s disease–like ileitis mediated by IRE1α that develops in mice with intestinal-epithelial Atg16l1 deletion when they age. The authors propose a selective autophagy process involved in the removal of IRE1α clusters during ER stress.
- Plasma cells are long-lived in human gut
This study provides a definite answer to the long-standing question concerning the longevity of the secretory antibody response. Landsverk et al. show that antigenic attrition affects a minor plasma cell subset and that distinct plasma cells are likely maintained for life in the human small intestine.
- Meningeal type 2 innate lymphocytes in CNS injury
Immune responses to central nervous system (CNS) injuries are multifaceted, but their contributions are incompletely understood. Here, Gadani et al. describe type 2 innate lymphocytes as novel meningeal-resident cells, characterizing their transcriptional profile and response to CNS injury.
- EAE exacerbates influenza mortality
Glenn et al. show that EAE induction impairs influenza immune responses, worsens influenza pathology, and is marked by early EAE-induced recruitment of suppressive myeloid cells to the lungs.
- DC lethargy under T reg cell binding
Chen et al. show that regulatory T cells adhere to dendritic cells (DCs) with high binding forces. This strong binding causes cytoskeletal polarization in the latter, which limits DCs’s ability to form productive engagement with other antigen-specific T cells.
- MHC-independent T reg cell suppression of DCs in vivo
Yan et al. demonstrate that in vivo T reg cells can form prolonged contacts with dendritic cells (DCs) in an MHC-independent manner and suppress the ability of the same DCs to contemporaneously engage in stable interactions with and activate conventional T cells.