- ERBIN links STAT3 and TGF-β with atopy
Lyons et al. show that STAT3 negatively regulates TGF-β signaling via ERBIN and that cell-intrinsic deregulation of TGF-β pathway activation promotes the IL-4/IL-4Rα/GATA3 axis to support atopic phenotypes in humans.
- Cell cycle restricts AID activity
Wang et al. show that antibody gene deamination by activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is restricted to a short time window in early G1 as a result of AID’s transient nuclear localization and accessibility of the target sites.
- LRCH1 prevents DOCK8-induced T cell migration and EAE
Xu et al. show that LRCH1 interferes with the GEF activity of DOCK8 to inhibit Cdc42 activation. Upon chemokine stimulation, DOCK8 is phosphorylated and released from LRCH1 to drive cell migration. LRCH1 overexpression reduces CD4+ T cell migration to the CNS and ameliorates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.
- WNT-5A impairs alveolar epithelial cell repair
Baarsma et al. report increased expression and posttranslational modification of the noncanonical ligand WNT-5A in COPD. Fibroblast-derived WNT-5A inhibits canonical WNT–β-catenin–driven alveolar epithelial cell–mediated wound healing and transdifferentiation, and thus contributes to impaired lung regeneration and COPD pathogenesis.
- ILC2 activation by leukotrienes
von Moltke et al. demonstrate that optimal cytokine induction in group 2 innate lymphocytes results from synergy between NFAT-dependent leukotriene signaling and IL-33 signaling. This integration of signaling pathways may represent an innate substitute for the T cell receptor.
- PFIT caused by mutation in WDR1
Standing et al. report a novel autoinflammatory disease caused by a homozygous missense mutation in the actin-regulating protein WDR1. The disease is characterized by periodic fevers, immunodeficiency, and thrombocytopenia, with increased polymerized actin in immune cells and increased IL-18 secretion.
- Transcription heterogeneity controls IgE switching
Combining novel mouse reporters and single-cell transcriptomic analyses, Wu et al. uncover differential activation thresholds for the transcripts that direct antibody class switching to IgE versus IgG1 in response to IL-4 and explain how cell-intrinsic transcriptional heterogeneity governs CSR.
- Lyst links endosomal trafficking to TLR function
Westphal et al. demonstrate a role of lysosomal trafficking regulator Lyst that couples the regulation of endolysosomal trafficking to inflammatory responses by the control of toll-like receptor–mediated endosomal TRIF signaling pathways.
- Niche WNT5a regulates HSC regeneration
Schreck et al. show that environmental Wnt5a regulates the transcriptome of HSCs during regeneration, particularly the expression of actin-regulatory mediators. In this manner, the niche affects engraftment through regulation of adhesion, migration, and homing of both normal and malignant cells.