The surface phenotypes (CD1, CD4, CD5, CD8, SBU-T19, MHC class I, MHC class II, and sIg) of cells in blood, lymph nodes, and lymph were determined to examine simultaneously the distribution of lymphocyte subsets circulating in blood, afferent lymph, and efferent lymph of a peripheral lymph node. Marked differences in the percentage of certain lymphocyte subsets were apparent within the compartments examined, suggesting that lymphocyte subsets leave the blood with differing efficiencies. Lymphocyte subsets also appeared to be extracted from the blood at different rates by lymph node as opposed to subcutaneous vascular endothelium. Endothelial cells in different vascular beds may express different numbers of molecules complementary to a set of migration-related cell surface molecules specific for each lymphocyte subset. Accordingly, the vascular endothelium would be the key factor in regulating nonrandom cell migration.