In this paper we demonstrate the involvement of the macrophage receptor for advanced glycosylation endproducts (AGE) in the phagocytosis of Leishmania major promastigotes. Blocking of this receptor with the ligand, AGE-BSA, leads to a 50% decrease in phagocytosis relative to controls, and a comparable decrease in the respiratory burst. The inhibition of phagocytosis by AGE-BSA was specific to leishmania. The binding of zymosan or C3bi-RBC and the phagocytosis of IgG-RBC or latex beads was not affected by the presence of AGE-BSA. Blocking of both the AGE receptor and CR3 decreases leishmania binding by nearly 90%, and reduces the respiratory burst by 80%, indicating that the two receptors account for the bulk of L. tropica promastigote recognition and uptake by the macrophage.