A novel H-2 gene in which the first external (N) domain of the H-2Ld antigen was replaced with that of the H-2Dd antigen was constructed and introduced into L cells. A transformant expressing the products of the hybrid gene was studied for binding to monoclonal antibodies specific for H-2Ld and H-2Dd antigens. It was found that serological determinants are distributed both in the N (Dd) and Cl (Ld) domains. Determinants recognized by allospecific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and virus-specific CTLs also mapped to the N and Cl domains. Determinants recognized by vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-specific effect cells, however, were not present on the recombinant molecule. These results show that a recombinant gene of two H-2 antigens in which the first external domain has been reshuffled can express a functional H-2 antigen that can then be used to map serological and CTL determinants to specific domains.