Murine spleen cells were sensitized in vitro to H-2 disparate allogeneic spleen cells and assayed on syngeneic target cells conjugated with the trinitrophenyl (TNP)-self or the fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-self haptens, or on syngeneic target cells expressing the male H-Y antigen (H-Y self). The results indicated that allo-induced cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) contained effectors that lysed both hapten-self but not H-Y self targets. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that separate populations of those allogeneic CTL were responsible for the lysis of TNP-self and FITC-self targets. This study also showed that cytotoxic effectors generated against the H-Y antigen with lytic activity equal to or greater than that of an allogeneically induced CTL response were unable to lyse hapten-self targets. These findings provide the first evidence that H-2 alloantigens may be unique in their ability to induce effectors that lyse hapten-conjugated autologous targets. These observations are discussed with respect to the self and foreign antigenic determinants involved in allogeneic and self-restricted CTL models.