As a model for human lung cancer, squamous cell carcinomas were induced by 3-methylcholanthrene in mouse tracheas which had been explanted to a subcutaneous site. The tumors that developed were examined for both ecotropic and xenotropic infectious murine leukemia virus (MuLV). From all squamous carcinomas--six out of six--a xenotropic MuLV was isolated. From some of the fibrosarcomas that occurred incidentally in our induction system, ecotropic MuLV was isolated. However, in the fibrosarcomas, no xenotropic MuLV at all was found.