Purified human PMNs secrete plasminogen activator. This secretion is stimulated by Con A and low concentrations of PMA, and is inhibited by low concentrations of glucocorticoids, and by cAMP, actinomycin D, and cycloheximide. In contrast, the release of granule-bound enzymes, such as elastase, is achieved only at higher concentrations of PMA, and is not affected by any of the inhibitors that block plasminogen activator production. These results show that the production of plasminogen activatory by PMNs is controlled by agents that affect inflammations, and that this control is not shared by other lytic enzymes known to be associated with these cells. This suggests a particular role for plasminogen activator in the response pattern of PMNs and also supports the concept, previously developed for macrophages, that the secretion of this enzyme is correlated with cell migration in vivo.