Treatment of splenic T lymphocytes with anti-Ia antiserum inhibits the binding of antigen-antibody (AgAb) complexes to the majority (less than 50%) of Fc receptor-positive (FcR+) T cells. A similar inhibition was observed with anti-H-2D and anti-H-2K sera but not with anti-Thy 1.2. Despite the presence of Ia determinants on peripheral T cells, as established by the inhibition of AgAb binding, Ia could not be detected on peripheral T cells by immunofluorescence assays. Data obtained with the AgAb-binding inhibition assay indicate that determinants controlled by loci mapping in the I-A and I-C, S, or G regions are present on the FcR+ T cells. Evidence is presented that subpopulations of T cells within the FcR+ T-cell population may be distinguishable on the basis of which I-region-controlled determinant is expressed. The data are discussed in terms of phenotypic and functional heterogeneity of T lymphocytes.