- BATF2-dependent host defense against T. cruzi
Kitada et al. demonstrate that transcription factor BATF2 induced by IFN-γ in macrophages and dendritic cells prevents Th17-mediated multiorgan pathology through suppression of IL-23 production during T. cruzi infection.
- TLR4 signals in B cells via BCR and SYK
Schweighoffer et al. demonstrate that in B cells, TLR4 transduces signals through two distinct pathways: one via the BCR to the activation of SYK, ERK, and AKT and the other via MYD88 to the activation of NF-κB.
- The functions of c-Fos in hepatocarcinogenesis
Hepatocellular cancers arise in a background of liver damage and inflammation. Bakiri et al. describe the function of the transcription factor c-Fos/AP-1 using mouse models and human data. c-Fos affects cholesterol and bile acid metabolism and induces DNA damage and inflammation, thus promoting liver cancer.
- Eros: A novel protein essential for innate immunity
Thomas et al. show that a novel protein, Eros, controls the abundance of components of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase, making it essential for the phagocyte respiratory burst and defense against common infections.
- CXCR1 remodels the vascular niche
Blaser et al. use live imaging of the zebrafish hematopoietic niche to show that cxcl8/cxcr1 signaling positively regulates HSPC engraftment by increasing HSPC-niche interactions, HSPC mitotic rate, niche size, and expression of cxcl12a in a niche-autonomous manner.
- Regulation of GC B cell proliferation by Foxo1
Inoue et al. show that Foxo1 controls not only GC polarization but also GC B cell proliferation, the latter of which is mediated by Foxo1-dependent BATF up-regulation.