- RUNX1 oncogenic function in AML
Behrens et al. establish the interplay of activated FLT3 receptor and the phosphorylated RUNX1 transcription factor in uncoupling proliferation and differentiation signals in acute leukemia. These findings demonstrate that RUNX1 is a viable therapeutic target in FLT3-mutated AML.
- sTREM2 regulates microglial viability and function
Zhong et al. describe two novel roles for soluble TREM2 (sTREM2) in regulation of proinflammatory responses and prevention of cellular apoptosis in microglia.
- 27-OH impairs neuronal glucose uptake
Ismail et al. show that 27-hydroxycholesterol, a peripheral cholesterol metabolite capable of passing the blood–brain barrier, reduces brain glucose uptake by upregulating the renin-angiotensin system and inhibiting GLUT4. This alteration affects memory processes and is likely to have implications on neurodegenerative diseases.
- Fh1 is essential for HSC functions
Guitart et al. performed an in vivo genetic dissection of the Krebs cycle enzyme fumarate hydratase (Fh1) in the hematopoietic system. Their investigations revealed multifaceted functions of Fh1 in the regulation of hematopoietic stem cell biology and leukemic transformation.
- Ikaros tumor suppressor function in Ph+ pre–B ALL
Schjerven et al. compare mouse and human models of pre–B ALL to define conserved target genes and pathways of the tumor suppressor Ikaros, revealing CTNND1 and the early hematopoietic cell-surface receptors SPN (CD43) and CD34 as novel Ikaros targets that each confer oncogenic growth advantage.
- Conserved Ikaros-regulated genes in B-ALL
Analysis of mouse and human B lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia identifies evolutionarily conserved targets of the tumor-suppressive transcription factor IKAROS, implicating CTNND1 in leukemia maintenance.
- Skap2 in integrin activation
Boras et al. demonstrate that Skap2, via interaction with WASp, regulates actin polymerization and binding of talin-1 and kindlin-3 to the β2 integrin, thereby being indispensable for β2 integrin activation and neutrophil recruitment.